At All Costs - the Bibliography  

By Sam Moses

Selected Books

Attard, Joseph. The Battle of Malta. London: Kimber, 1980.

Barry, John M. The Great Influenza. New York: Viking, 2004.

Bierman, John, and Smith, Colin. Alamein: War without Hate. London: Viking 2002.

Blair, Clay. Hitler's U-Boat War. New York: Random House, c1996-1998.

Bradford, Ernle. Siege: Malta 1940-1943. London: H. Hamilton, 1985.

Bragadin, Marc'Antonio. The Italian Navy in World War II. Annapolis: Naval Institute, 1957.

Brodhurst, Robin. Churchill's Anchor. London: Cooper, 2000.

Brown, Eric, Captain. Wings of the Luftwaffe. Marlborough, Wiltshire, UK: Crowood, 2002.

Bryant, Arthur, Sir. The Turn of the Tide, 1939-1943. London: Collins, 1957. 

Buerling, George, and Roberts, Leslie. Malta Spitfire: The Story of a Fighter Pilot. New York: Farrar & Rinehart, 1943.

Bungay, Stephen. Alamein. London: Aurum, 2002.

Callo, Joseph R. Nelson Speaks. Annapolis: Naval Institute, 2001.

Cameron, Ian. Red Duster, White Ensign. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1960.

Churchill, Winston S. The Second World War. London: Cassell, 1975-1976.

Ciano, Edda Mussolini, Contessa. My Truth. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1977.

Ciano, Galeazzo, Count. Diary, 1937-1943. New York: Enigma, 2002.

Clayton, Tim, and Craig, Phil. The End of the Beginning. New York: Free Press, 2003.

Coleman, Terry. The Nelson Touch. Oxford; New York: Oxford University, 2002.

Cunningham, Andrew Browne, Viscount. A Sailor's Odyssey. London: Hutchinson, 1951.

Dahl, Roald. Going Solo. London: Cape, 1986.

Dobbie, William, Sir. A Very Present Help: A Tribute to the Faithfulness of God. London: Marshall, Morgan and Scott, 1955.

Donitz, Karl. Memoirs: Ten Years and Twenty Days. New York: Da Capo, 1997.

Edwards, Kenneth, Commander. Seven Sailors. London: Collins, 1945.

Farago, Ladislas. The Game of the Foxes. New York: McKay, 1971. 

Felknor, Bruce, editor. The U.S. Merchant Marine at War, 1775-1945. Annapolis: Naval Institute, 1998.

Galea, Michael. Malta Diary of a War. Malta: Publishers Enterprises, 1994.

Gannon, Michael. Operation Drumbeat. New York: Harper & Row, c1990.

Gilbert, Martin. Winstons S. Churchill: Road to Victory 1941-1945. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1986.

Goldberg, Mark H. Going Bananas: 100 Years of American Fruit Ships in the Caribbean. Kings Point, N.Y.: American Merchant Marine Museum, 1993.

Grech, Charles B. Raiders Passed. Malta: Midsea, 2002.

Green, William. Famous Fighters of the Second World War. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, c1975.

Greene, Jack, and Massignani, Alessandro. The Naval War in the Mediterranean 1940-1943. London: Chatham, 1999.

Griehl, Manfred. Junkers Ju 88: Star of the Luftwaffe. London: Arms and Armour, 1990.

Hague, Arnold. The Allied Convoy System 1939-1945. St. Catherines, Ont.: Vanwell, 2000.

Higham, Charles. Trading with the Enemy. New York: Delacorte, 1983.

Hill, Roger. Destroyer Captain. London: Kimber, 1975.

Holland, James. Fortress Malta. New York: Miramax/Hyperion, 2003.

Holmes, Tony. Fighters of World War II (Jane's Pocket Guide). London: Collins, 1999.

Ireland, Bernard. The War in the Mediterranean 1940-1943. London: Arms and Armour; New York: Sterling, 1993.

Ismay, Hastings Lionel, Baron. Memoirs. New York: Viking, 1960.

Johnston, Tim. Tattered Battlements. London: Kimber, 1985.

Keegan, John, editor. Churchill's Generals. New York: Grove Weidenfeld, 1991.

Kersaudy, Francois. Norway 1940. London: Collins, 1990.

Kesselring, Albert. The Memoirs of Field-Marshal Kesselring. Novato, Calif.: Presidio, 1989.

Kimball, Warren F. The Most Unsordid Act: Lend-Lease, 1939-1941.Baltimore: Johns Hopkins, 1969.

---. Forged in War: Roosevelt, Churchill and the Second World War. New York: Morrow, 1997.

King, Ernest J., Admiral. U.S. Navy at War 1941-1945. Washington: United States Navy Department, 1946.

Kooiman, William. The Grace Ships, 1869-1969. San Francisco: Komar, 1991.

Lamb, Charles. War in a Stringbag. London: Cooper, 1987.

Lloyd, Hugh Pughe, Sir. Briefed to Attack. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1949.

Macintyre, Donald G.R. The Naval War Against Hitler. London: Batsford, 1971.

Mackenzie, Hector. Observations. Edinburgh: Pentland, 1997.

Macksey, Kenneth. Kesselring: The Making of the Luftwaffe. London: Batsford, 1978.

Mahan, Alfred Thayer. The Life of Nelson. Annapolis: Naval Institute, 2001.

Mattesini, Francesco. La Battaglia Aeronavale Di Mezzo Agosto. Rome: Edizioni Dell'Ateneo, 1986.

Mizzi, John A., and Vella, Mark Anthony, editors. Malta at War volumes 1, 2, 3. Malta: Bieb Bieb.

Monsarrat, Nicholas. The Kappillan of Malta. London: Pan, 1975.

Moore, Arthur R., Captain. A Careless Word A Needless Sinking. Kings Point, N.Y.: American Merchant Marine Museum, 1983.

Moran, Charles McMoran Wilson, Baron. Churchill, Taken from the Diaries of Lord Moran. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1966.

Nel, Elizabeth Layton. Mr. Churchill's Secretary. New York: Coward-McCann, 1958.

Pearson, Michael. The Ohio & Malta. Barnsley, South Yorkshire: Cooper, 2004.

Poolman, Kenneth. Faith, Hope and Charity. London: Kimber, 1954.

Raeder, Erich, Admiral. Grand Admiral. New York: Da Capo, 2001.

Renehan, Edward. The Kennedys at War, 1937-1945. New York: Doubleday, 2002.

Rocca, Gianni. Fucilate gli Ammiragli  (Shoot the Admirals). Milano: Arnoldo Mondadori, 1987.

Rommel, Erwin. The Rommel Papers. Edited by B.H. Liddell-Hart. New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1953.

Roskill, Stephen W. The War at Sea 1939-45. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1976.

---. Churchill and the Admirals. London: Collins, 1977.

Rudel, Hans Ulrich. Stuka Pilot. Dublin: Euphorion, 1952.

Sherwood, Robert E. Roosevelt and Hopkins. New York: Enigma, 2001.

Shankland, Peter, and Hunter, Anthony. Malta Convoy. London: Collins, 1961.

Shores, Christopher and Cull, Brian with Malizia, Nicola. Malta: The Hurricane Years 1940-41. London: Grub Street, 1987.

---. Malta: The Spitfire Year 1942. London: Grub Street, 1991.

Simpson, George Walter Gillow. Periscope View. London: Macmillan, 1972.  

Smith, Peter C. Pedestal. London: Kimber, 1970.

---. Into the Assault. London: Murray, 1985.

---. Eagle's War. Bristol: Crecy, 1995.

Spooner, Tony. Warburton's War. Bristol: Crecy, 1994.

Stokesbury, James L. A Short History of World War II. New York: Morrow, 1980.

Suppiger, Gerhart. The Malta Convoy. Chicago: Suppiger, c1992.

Thomas, David A. Malta Convoys, 1940-1942. Barnsley, South Yorkshire: Cooper, 1999.

Warner, Philip. Auchinleck, the Lonely Soldier. London: Buchanan & Enright, 1981.

Weichold, Eberhard, Admiral. The War at Sea in the Mediterranean. Washington: U.S. Navy Department, 1945.

Wellum, Geoffrey. First Light. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley, 2002.

Williamson, Gordon. German E-boats 1939-45. Oxford: Osprey, 2002.

Wilson, Stewart. Aircraft of WWII. Fyshwick, A.C.T.: Aerospace, 1998.

Windrow, Martin. German Air Force Fighters of World War II. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1971.

Wingate, John. The Fighting Tenth. London: Cooper, 1991.

Winton, John. Cunningham. London: Murray, 1988.

Young, Desmond. Rommel. London: Collins, 1972.



Bartimeus. "Malta Invicta." National Geographic (March, 1943): pp.

Bogart, Charles. "Operation Pedestal." Steamboat Bill (fall, 1994): pp.

Caruana, J. "Ohio Must Get Through." Warship International 4  (1992): pp.

Gault, Owen. "The Tanker That Saved Malta: SS Ohio." Sea Classics (August, September, 1997): pp.

Gill, Brendan. "A Reporter at Large." The New Yorker (July 3, 1943): pp.

Morganstierne, Wilhelm. "Norway, an Active Ally." National Geographic (1942): pp.

Randall, Edwin J. "Convoy to Malta." The American Magazine  (January, 1943): pp.

Robertson, Terence. "The Ordeal of the Ohio." The Saturday Evening Post (January 9, 1960): pp.

"World Battlefronts." Time (Oct. 26, 1942): pp.


Smart, Norman. "xx headlines." London Daily Express (Aug. 13, 14, 15, 17, 18 and 20, 1942).

Thorpe, Arthur. "xx headlines." London Daily Telegraph (Aug. 14 and 17, 1942).

London Daily Mail (Aug. 17 and 18, 1942).

The Times of London (Aug. 13, 14 and 15, 1942).

The New York Times (various issues, 1940-42).


Running the Gauntlet; Produced and directed by Crispin  Sadler (2004)

True Stories: Convoy; Produced by Noreen Molloy for BBC4 television (c1995)  

Journals, dairies, transcripts, unpublished memoirs, reports, correspondence, commentary

Frederick Larsen

Francis Dales

John Follansbee, "Swans in the Maelstrom"

Allan Shaw

Captain Dudley Mason

Douglas Hunter Gray

James Wyld

Dennis Cooke

George Amyes

Frank Pike

Anthony Kimmins

Kaptein Helmut Rosenbaum

Ray Morton

Desmond Dickens



Minda Larsen (Mrs. Fred Larsen)

Marjorie Dales (Mrs. Francis Dales)

Allan Shaw (veteran SS Ohio)

George Nye (veteran SS Santa Elisa)

George Amyes (veteran HMS Eagle)

Charles Henry Walker (veteran HMS Ledbury)

Reg Coaker (veteran HMS Bramham)

Dr. John Nixon (veteran HMS Ledbury)

Freddie Treves (veteran SS Waimarama)

Ron Linton (veteran SS Dorset)

Les Goodenough (veteran HMS Eagle)

Don Allen (veteran HMS Ledbury)

Andrew Forrest (veteran HMS Penn)

Dennis Cooke (veteran RAF Malta)

Francis J. Dooley (former shipmate Captain Fred Larsen)

Jan F. Larsen (son Fred Larsen)

Sandra Larsen Hosay (daughter Fred Larsen)

Scott Larsen (grandson Fred Larsen)

Clifford H. Dales (son Francis Dales)

Donna Dales Lovett (daughter Francis Dales)

Kitty Dales (Mrs. Bertram Dales, sister-in-law Francis Dales)

John Follansbee (son John "Jack" Follansbee)

Frank Pike (veteran Santa Elisa)

Peter Forcanser (veteran Santa Elisa)

James Johnson (veteran Santa Elisa)

Ray Morton (veteran SS Ohio)

Danny O'Mara (veteran Brisbane Star)

Frank Balcombe (veteran HMS Eagle)

Alan Barnett (veteran SS Waimarama)

Harold Myers (veteran Almeria Lykes)

Peter Rothwell (veteran Spitfire pilot RAF Malta)

Peter Mitchell (son of Spitfire designer)

Ray Polidano (Malta Aviation Museum Foundation)

Captain Warren Leback (former Grace Line shipmate of Captain Tommy Thomson)

Captain Arthur Moore (author, veteran U.S. Merchant Marine)

Bill Kooiman (author, veteran Grace Line)

Simon Cusens (organizer Operation Pedestal reunions)

Miriam Devine (child veteran, Siege of Malta)

Joe Darmanin (child veteran, Siege of Malta)

Tony DiMicoli (child veteran, Siege of Malta)

J.T. Turner, Jr. (former employer Francis Dales)

Mary Stone Hargrove (childhood friend Francis Dales)

Eleanor Johnson (childhood friend Francis Dales)

Charles Johnson (childhood friend Francis Dales)

Rusty Bailie (cousin Francis Dales, family historian)

Rollin Hansen (former shipmate Francis Dales)


Royal Navy Letters of Proceeding, from The National Archives, London

Operation Pedestal:

Acting Vice Admiral Neville Syfret; Commander of the Fleet

Rear Admiral Harold Burrough; Commander Force X

Admiral R. Leatham; Vice Admiral Malta

Rear Admiral A.L. St.G.Lyster; Commander Fleet Air Arm

Air Vice Marshal Keith Park; Commanding Air Officer, RAF Mediterranean

SS Ohio; Lieutenant D.E. Barton, liaison officer

SS Santa Elisa ; Lieutenant Commander A. Barnes, liaison officer

SS Almeria Lykes; Lieutenant Commander H.D.S. Marshall, liaison officer

SS Port Chalmers; A.G. Venables, commander (RN retired), Commodore of the Merchant Fleet

SS Waimarama; Mr. John Jackson, 3rd wireless operator

SS Melbourne Star; (signature illegible), liaison officer

SS Dorset; Captain Jack Tuckett

SS Dorset; Lieutenant P.T. Bernard, liaison officer

SS Brisbane Star ; Lieutenant E.D. Symes, liaison officer

SS Glenorchy; Mr. B.H. Skilling, 2nd officer

SS Empire Hope; Captain Gwilym Williams

SS Wairangi; Captain H.R. Gordon

SS Clan Ferguson; Mr. A.H. Black, 2nd officer

SS Deucalion; Captain Ramsay Brown

SS Rochester Castle; Captain Richard Wren

SS Rochester Castle; Lieutenant E.J Reisfield, liaison officer

HMS Eagle; Captain Lachlan D. Mackintosh

HMS Indomitable; Captain Tom Troubridge

HMS Furious; (Operation Bellows) Captain T.O. Bulteel

HMS Ledbury; Lieutenant Commander Roger Hill

HMS Penn; Lieutenant Commander J.H. Swain

HMS Bramham; Lieutenant Eddie Baines

HMS Ashanti;  Commander R.G. Onslow

HMS Kenya; Captain A.S. Russell

HMS Nigeria; Captain S.H. Paton

HMS Cairo; Commander C.C. Hardy

HMS Manchester; Sub-Lieutenant F.H. Munro

HMS Eskimo; Commander E.G. Le Geyt

HMS Somali; Commander E.N. Currey

HMS Pathfinder; Commander E.A. Gibbs

HMS Wolverine; Lieutenant Commander Peter Gretton

HMS Ithuriel; Lieutenant Commander D.H. Maitland-Makgill-Crichton

Boarding of Italian Submarine; Lieutenant J.R. Evans, HMS Ithuriel

Operation Statue (the towing of Ohio by tugboats); Commander H.J. Jerome

HMS Robust; J.P. Pilditch, commander (RN retired), Assistant King's Harbour Master

Operation Harpoon/Vigorous:

Admiral Henry Harwood; Commander in Chief, Mediterranean

HMS Cairo; Acting Captain C.C. Hardy

SS Kentucky; Captain C.J. Roberts

SS Kentucky; Lieutenant Huntley, liaison officer

HMS Partridge; Lieutenant Commander W.A. Hawkins

SS Troilus; J.P. Pilditch, commander (retired), Commodore of the Convoy

Operation Hats:

HMS Illustrious; Captain Denis Boyd